Document Detail

Blood to the cornual area of the uterus is mainly supplied from the ovarian artery in the follicular phase and from the uterine artery in the luteal phase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14990540     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The blood supply to the uterus is provided by the uterine and ovarian arteries, which form anastomoses. Yet the flow direction through this anastomoses and the primary source of blood supply to the tubes and uterine cornua remains unknown. To clarify this issue, we studied the spatial propagation of temperature changes following cooling of the upper vaginal area. METHODS: A thermocatheter with eight measurement points at 5-mm intervals was inserted into the uterus of nine women in the follicular phase and 11 in the luteal phase. The distal tip was positioned in the cornual area and temperatures were registered every 2 s. The vagina was then cooled for 7 min with 25 degrees C saline. RESULTS: The pattern of uterine cooling based on local counter-current transfer differed between the follicular and luteal phase. Cooling of the cornual area was significantly lower in the luteal phase compared with the follicular phase, indicating a shift in the prevailing source of arterial supply in that area following ovulation. CONCLUSIONS: The divide between the territories irrigated by the uterine and ovarian arteries moves between the follicular and luteal phase. This constitutes the first description of a functionally determined shift in the territorial divide of two vascular systems, and has numerous practical implications.
Ettore Cicinelli; Niels Einer-Jensen; Bruno Barba; Diletta Luisi; Raffaello Alfonso; Massimo Tartagni
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2004-02-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Human reproduction (Oxford, England)     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0268-1161     ISO Abbreviation:  Hum. Reprod.     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-22     Completed Date:  2004-11-09     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8701199     Medline TA:  Hum Reprod     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1003-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
First Department Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Bari, Policlinico, Piazza Giulio Cesare, I-70124 Bari, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Arteries / physiology
Body Temperature
Cold Temperature
Follicular Phase / physiology*
Luteal Phase / physiology*
Ovary / blood supply*
Uterus / blood supply*

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