Document Detail


Blood-spatter patterns: hands hold clues for the forensic reconstruction of the sequence of events.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12773848     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biologic and nonbiologic traces on the hands are of particular importance for the forensic reconstruction of shooting incidents; gunpowder residue analysis in particular helps determine whether the gunshot is close range or distant. In crime scene investigation, knowledge about the morphology of bloodstain patterns-including gunshot-related back spatter-has increased since various experimental examinations have been performed in the last years; nowadays, these traces are frequently used for forensic crime scene reconstruction. The goal of this study was to deduce the position and orientation of the hands, and therefore the firearm, according to the bloodstain patterns on the hands of the deceased. For this purpose blood-spatter stains on the hands were examined on site in 5 suicides caused by gunshot. In all cases, forensically relevant conclusions regarding forensic reconstruction were enabled through close examination of the spatter marks. Therefore, in shooting incidents, analysis and documentation of blood-spatter findings on the hands is recommended before hands are tested for gunpowder residue or wrapped for the transport of the body.
Authors:
Kathrin Yen; Michael J Thali; Beat P Kneubuehl; Oliver Peschel; Ulrich Zollinger; Richard Dirnhofer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0195-7910     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-05-29     Completed Date:  2003-10-02     Revised Date:  2011-02-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108948     Medline TA:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  132-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Switzerland. yen@irm.unibe.ch
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Stains*
Firearms
Forensic Medicine / methods
Hand*
Head Injuries, Penetrating / pathology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Posture
Suicide*
Wounds, Gunshot / pathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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