Document Detail


Blood, sex and trust: The limits of the population-based risk management paradigm.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24355704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Blood screening is imperfect so Donor Health Check questionnaires (DHC) are used to defer those whose 'behaviour' suggests disproportionate risk of Blood Borne Infection (BBI). Taking the UK case, we compare deferment of three sub-populations with different HIV prevalence; Men-who-have-Sex-with-Men (4.7%), black-Africans (3.7%) and 'the-general-(heterosexual)-population' (c.0.09%) arguing that, with respect to STIs, DHC assesses risk based on broad population-level risk-groups not behaviour. This approach relies on an imaginative geography that distances heterosexual risk from the domestic population. Most DHCs knowingly commit the ecological fallacy allowing population-level statistics to obscure within-group diversity, inadequately identifying the risk posed by 'low-risk-groups'. The disjuncture between ontological risk phenomenon (diverse sexual practice) and the epistemological grid used to map risk (homogenised risk-groups) needs examination. Unpacking the category 'heterosexual' would both better differentiate risk within this group and change the relative-risk calculated for 'high-risk groups'. We call for piloting of practice-based questions and a mixed-method approach to DHCs to more accurately assess all potential donors.
Authors:
Mike Kesby; Matt Sothern
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-12-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health & place     Volume:  26C     ISSN:  1873-2054     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Place     Publication Date:  2013 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9510067     Medline TA:  Health Place     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  21-30     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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