Document Detail

Blood pressures and electrocardiographic findings in the South Australian Aborigines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1067818     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Blood pressure measurements were recorded in 522 adults and 141 10-19 year-old full and part blood Aborigines in five communities. The means for systolic and diastolic blood pressures at 40 years were close to those reported for Europeans, although below this age, values tended to be lower, and above 40 years tended to be higher than those reported in the Tecumseh study. Hypertension, as defined by the Princeton criteria, was present in 29%, more often in the men (1-6 to 1-0), and eight subjects satisfied the criteria for hypertensive heart disease (HHD). 522 electrocardiograms were recorded on adult subjects at five Aboriginal communities and classified according to categories of the Minnesota code. Of the 210 abnormalities observed, minor T wave inversions and minor S-T segment depression were the most commonly encountered, and were more frequent in female subjects. Q wave changes typical of myocardial infarction was found in 5% of the tracings and occurred mainly in older men. If hypertension and certain ECG codes are assumed to be "risk factors" for the development of clinical ischaemic heart disease (IHD), the urbanized Aboriginal had a higher prevalence compared with Caucasian subjects of the Busselton study. "Probable" and "suspect" ECG changes of IHD, although mainly in the older subjects, were found to be associated with hyperglycaemia, as recognised in Western society. It is postulated that urbanized Aborigines are prone to cardiovascular degenerative disease to a similar or possibly larger extent than Caucasians.
F M Edwards; P H Wise; D W Thomas; J B Murchland; R J Craig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of medicine     Volume:  6     ISSN:  0004-8291     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Med     Publication Date:  1976 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-12-03     Completed Date:  1976-12-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1264322     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Med     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  197-205     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Alcohol Drinking
Blood Glucose
Blood Pressure*
Coronary Disease / blood,  epidemiology*
Hypertension / epidemiology*
Middle Aged
Oceanic Ancestry Group*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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