Document Detail

Blood pressure profile, urinary sodium and body weight in the 'Oraon' rural and urban tribal community.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7868489     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Blood pressure and nutritional profiles in the 'Oraon' tribal community of India living in rural and urban areas were studied between 1981-85 after a house to house survey of 4523 rural tribal people (RT) and 935 of their urban tribal counterparts (UT). Prevalence of hypertension was found to be 4.8/1000 males and 4.3/1000 females in rural tribal group giving an overall rate of 4.6/1000. In contrast the same were 27.1/1000 males and 21.4/1000 females in UT group, overall rate being 25.6/1000. Average calorie consumption were 1750 and 2280 and mean 24 hour-urinary sodium excretions 58 and 118 milliequivalents in RT and UT groups respectively. Of the total of 21 subjects in RT and 24 in UT detected to be hypertensive, 7 had common family inheritance. Increased mean arterial pressure correlated with increased sodium consumption and body weight. Hypertensives from both the groups showed higher urinary sodium excretion (P < 0.05). This epidemiologic study proves the role of a genetic factor/defect complicated by higher salt consumption in causation of increased blood pressure.
S C Dash; K R Sundaram; P K Swain
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0004-5772     ISO Abbreviation:  J Assoc Physicians India     Publication Date:  1994 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-30     Completed Date:  1995-03-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505585     Medline TA:  J Assoc Physicians India     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  878-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Nephrolohgy, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Body Weight
Energy Intake
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  ethnology,  etiology
India / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Rural Population*
Sodium / urine*
Urban Population*
Reg. No./Substance:

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