Document Detail

Blood pressure in Hispanic women: the role of diet, acculturation, and physical activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9386950     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The role of diet, acculturation, and physical activity on systolic and diastolic blood pressure was examined among 1,420 Mexican American, 388 Cuban American, and 542 Puerto Rican women who responded to the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collected in 1982-4. Dietary intake measures included sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, fiber, ethanol, and total kilocalories as estimated from 24-hour recall data. Serum sodium/potassium ratio was included as a measure of metabolic function. Acculturation was measured using language preference, speaking, reading and writing. Physical activity included recreational and non-recreational activities. Other correlates included age, education, and body composition. Final models indicated that age and body composition were significantly associated with blood pressure across all three Hispanic subgroups. Among Mexican-American women, acculturation had an impact on both systolic and diastolic blood pressure that was independent of diet, body composition, and physical activity. Furthermore, the dietary intake of specific nutrients such as sodium and potassium did not appear to be as important as the way the individual metabolized those nutrients, as indicated by the serum sodium/potassium ratio. The strong association of body mass index with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure among all three ethnic groups reinforces the need to maintain an appropriate body weight.
P W Goslar; C A Macera; L G Castellanos; J R Hussey; F S Sy; P A Sharpe
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & disease     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1049-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Dis     Publication Date:    1997 Spring-Summer
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-17     Completed Date:  1997-12-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109034     Medline TA:  Ethn Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  106-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure*
Body Mass Index
Cuba / ethnology
Hispanic Americans*
Mexican Americans
Physical Fitness*
Puerto Rico / ethnology

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