Document Detail


Blood pressure and hypertension in New Zealand: results from the 2008/09 Adult Nutrition Survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23793179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: To report the blood pressure results from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey (2008/09NZANS).
METHODS: Blood pressure measurements were available for 4,407 adults who were part of a survey involving face-to-face interviews with 4,721 New Zealanders aged 15 years and over. Three measurements were taken one minute apart, and the mean of the second and third readings has been used for this analysis. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) greater than and equal to 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) greater than and equal to 90 mmHg or self reported use of antihypertensive medications. Comparisons were made with previously published New Zealand population blood pressure estimates.
RESULTS: Mean SBP for the New Zealand adult population was 126 mmHg. The prevalence of hypertension was 31%, with 15% reporting taking antihypertensive medication. Mean SBP has increased since 2002/03 for New Zealand European and others (NZEO) aged 35-54 years and Maori aged 35-74 years, reversing a downward trend observed in NZEO between 1982 and 2002.
CONCLUSIONS: The increasing blood pressure levels are concerning. Given the importance of elevated blood pressure as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, intensive screening, public health measures aimed at lowering population blood pressure, and further population monitoring are warranted.
Authors:
Rachael M McLean; Sheila Williams; Jim I Mann; Jody C Miller; Winsome R Parnell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-04-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1175-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  66-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Edgar National Centre for Diabetes and Obesity Research, Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 913, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand. rachael.mclean@otago.ac.nz.
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