Document Detail

Blood pressure and hypertension in an American colony (Puerto Rico) and on the USA mainland compared, 1886-1930.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17420157     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We compare blood pressure and hypertension between adult men on the USA mainland and in Puerto Rico born during 1886-1930 to test hypotheses about the link between cardiovascular health and large socioeconomic and political changes in society: (a) 8853 men surveyed in Puerto Rico in 1965 and (b) 1449 non-Hispanic White men surveyed on the mainland during 1971-1975. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and hypertension were regressed separately on demographic and socioeconomic variables and cardiovascular risk factors. Mainland men not taking anti-hypertensive medication showed statistically significant improvements in systolic blood pressure and hypertension at the beginning of the century and men in Puerto Rico showed improvements in diastolic blood pressure but only during the last two quinquenniums. An average man born on the mainland during the last birth quinquennium (1926-1930) had 7.4-8.7 mmHg lower systolic blood pressure and was 61% less likely to have systolic hypertension than one born before 1901. On average Puerto Rican men born during 1921-1925 had approximately 1.7 mmHg lower diastolic blood pressure than men born before 1901. Analyses of secular trends in cardiovascular health complements analyses of secular trends in anthropometric indicators and together provide a fuller view of the changing health status of a population.
Ricardo Godoy; Elizabeth Goodman; Clarence Gravlee; Richard Levins; Craig Seyfried; Mariana Caram; Naveen Jha
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-03-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Economics and human biology     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1570-677X     ISO Abbreviation:  Econ Hum Biol     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-11     Completed Date:  2007-10-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101166135     Medline TA:  Econ Hum Biol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  255-79     Citation Subset:  IM    
Heller School, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454-9110, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anthropometry / history*
Blood Pressure*
Body Mass Index
Cholesterol / blood
European Continental Ancestry Group / history,  statistics & numerical data*
Health Policy / history
Health Status Indicators*
Heart Diseases / ethnology,  history
Hispanic Americans / history,  statistics & numerical data*
History, 19th Century
History, 20th Century
Hypertension / ethnology*,  history
Nutrition Surveys*
Puerto Rico / epidemiology
Socioeconomic Factors
Sodium Chloride, Dietary
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

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