Document Detail

Blood pressure and endocrine responses of healthy subjects in cold pressor test after acutely increased dietary sodium intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11499168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The objective of the study was to compare blood pressure and endocrine responses in a cold pressure test in young healthy subjects who had shown increased blood pressure during an acutely increased sodium intake. Subjects (n = 53) added 121 mmol sodium into their normal diet for one week. If the mean arterial pressure had increased by a minimum of 5 mmHg compared to the control measure, they were selected for the experiments. The selected subjects (n = 8) were given 121 mmol supplemental sodium d-1 for 14 days after which they immersed the right hand into a cold (+10 degrees C) water bath for 5 min. The blood pressure increased (P < 0.05) during the test and was independent of the sodium intake. The plasma noradrenaline increased from 2.41 +/- 0.38 nmol l-1 to 2.82 +/- 0.42 nmol l-1 (P < 0.05) with normal diet and from 1.85 +/- 0.29 nmol l-1 to 2.40 +/- 0.37 nmol l-1 (P < 0.05) with high sodium diet. The starting concentrations and the endpoint concentrations were statistically similar. The plasma levels of natriuretic peptides (NT-proANP, ANP and BNP) did not change during the test, and the concentrations were independent of the sodium diet. To conclude, acutely increased sodium intake does not change blood pressure or hormonal responses in a cold pressor test in young healthy subjects.
O Arjamaa; T Mäkinen; L Turunen; P Huttunen; J Leppäluoto; O Vuolteenaho; H Rintamäki
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physiological anthropology and applied human science     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1345-3475     ISO Abbreviation:  J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-13     Completed Date:  2001-08-30     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100930389     Medline TA:  J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Center of Arctic Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Cold Temperature
Endocrine System / physiology*
Natriuretic Agents / blood
Norepinephrine / blood
Pressoreceptors / physiology*
Random Allocation
Sodium, Dietary*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Natriuretic Agents; 0/Sodium, Dietary; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine

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