Document Detail

Blood loss with total knee arthroplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3409568     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A substantial drop in blood volume occurs in patients being treated by total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Of 140 TKAs (108 patients) studied to analyze this blood loss, 70 required transfusion and 70 did not. The average transfusion was 2.6 units per arthroplasty. Blood loss in the nontransfused group was 1.8 units per arthroplasty. The overall mean blood loss was 2.2 units per TKA. Insertion of a constrained TKA resulted in a statistically significant increase in blood loss. Preoperative diagnosis, anesthetic technique, revision arthroplasty, patellofemoral arthroplasty, and tourniquet technique did not statistically affect the blood loss. The bulk of the blood loss is collected postoperatively in the suction drainage system.
A T Berman; A E Geissele; S J Bosacco
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0009-921X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  1988 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-10-04     Completed Date:  1988-10-04     Revised Date:  2005-03-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Hahnemann University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19102.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Transfusion
Blood Volume*
Hemorrhage / epidemiology*
Intraoperative Complications / epidemiology*
Knee Prosthesis*
Middle Aged
Preoperative Care

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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