Document Detail

Blood flow to contracting human muscles: influence of increased sympathetic activity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2347787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the increased sympathetic activity elicited by the upright posture on blood flow to exercising human forearm muscles. Six subjects performed light and heavy rhythmic forearm exercise. Trials were conducted with the subjects supine and standing. Forearm blood flow (FBF, plethysmography) and skin blood flow (laser Doppler) were measured during brief pauses in the contractions. Arterial blood pressure and heart rate were also measured. During the first 6 min of light exercise, blood flow was similar in the supine and standing positions (approximately 15 ml.min-1.100 ml-1); from minutes 7 to 20 FBF was approximately 3-7 ml.min-1.100 ml-1 less in the standing position (P less than 0.05). When 5 min of heavy exercise immediately followed the light exercise, FBF was approximately 30-35 ml.min-1.100 ml-1 in the supine position. These values were approximately 8-12 ml.min-1.100 ml-1 greater than those observed in the upright position (P less than 0.05). When light exercise did not precede 8 min of heavy exercise, the blood flow at the end of minute 1 was similar in the supine and standing positions but was approximately 6-9 ml.min-1.100 ml-1 lower in the standing position during minutes 2-8. Heart rate was always approximately 10-20 beats higher in the upright position (P less than 0.05). Forearm skin blood flow and mean arterial pressure were similar in the two positions, indicating that the changes in FBF resulted from differences in the caliber of the resistance vessels in the forearm muscles.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M J Joyner; R L Lennon; D J Wedel; S H Rose; J T Shepherd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  68     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1990 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-07-11     Completed Date:  1990-07-11     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1453-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Heart Rate
Middle Aged
Muscle Contraction*
Muscles / blood supply*,  innervation,  physiology
Skin / blood supply
Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology*
Grant Support

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