Document Detail

Blood-feeding ecology of mosquitoes in zoos.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22390304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
To determine if the unique host assemblages in zoos influence blood-feeding by mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), a sampling programme was conducted in Greenville and Riverbanks Zoos, South Carolina, U.S.A., from April 2009 to October 2010. A total of 4355 female mosquitoes of 14 species were collected, of which 106 individuals of nine species were blood-fed. The most common taxa were Aedes albopictus (Skuse), Aedes triseriatus (Say), Anopheles punctipennis (Say), Culex erraticus (Dyar & Knab), Culex pipiens complex (L.) and Culex restuans (Theobald). Molecular analyses (cytochrome b) of bloodmeals revealed that mosquitoes fed on captive animals, humans and wildlife, and took mixed bloodmeals. Host species included one amphibian, 16 birds, 10 mammals (including humans) and two reptiles. Minimum dispersal distances after feeding on captive hosts ranged from 15.5 m to 327.0 m. Mosquito-host associations generally conformed to previous accounts, indicating that mosquito behaviour inside zoos reflects that outside zoos. However, novel variation in host use, including new, exotic host records, warrants further investigation. Zoos, thus, can be used as experiment environments in which to study mosquito behaviour, and the findings extrapolated to non-zoo areas, while providing medical and veterinary benefits to zoo animals, employees and patrons.
H C Tuten; W C Bridges; K S Paul; P H Adler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical and veterinary entomology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2915     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8708682     Medline TA:  Med Vet Entomol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Medical and Veterinary Entomology © 2012 The Royal Entomological Society.
Department of Entomology, Soils and Plant Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, U.S.A. Department of Applied Economics and Statistics, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, U.S.A. Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, U.S.A.
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