Document Detail

Blood pressure distribution in Indian children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19736371     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine blood pressure distribution in schoolchildren and to derive population specific reference values appropriate for age, gender and height status. DESIGN: Cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Schools in Ernakulam district, Kerala, India, during 2005-06. METHODS: Stratified random cluster sampling method was used to select the children. Blood pressure and anthropometric data were collected from 20,263 students of 5-16 years age. Three readings of blood pressures of each child were taken by mercury sphygmomanometer and mean was taken for analysis. Blood pressure percentiles in relation to gender, age and height were estimated from a non-overweight population of 18,931 children using polynomial regression models. RESULTS: Children from study population have higher diastolic pressures for both sexes than international standard across all age groups. For systolic blood pressure, girls showed higher values than the international standard while for boys, the difference appears to be minimal. CONCLUSIONS: Blood pressure distribution in children from our study population demonstrates a different pattern in comparison to existing international reference. Higher blood pressure values in the study population are of considerable public health significance.
Manu Raj; Ramaiyer Sundaram; Mary Paul; Krishna Kumar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian pediatrics     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0974-7559     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian Pediatr     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-19     Completed Date:  2010-10-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985062R     Medline TA:  Indian Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  477-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi, Kerala, India.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Blood Pressure*
Body Height*
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Reference Values
Regression Analysis
Sex Factors
United States
Comment In:
Indian Pediatr. 2010 Jun;47(6):473-4   [PMID:  20622277 ]

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