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Blood Pressure Control in Italian Essential Hypertensives Treated by General Practitioners.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22854637     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BackgroundAdequate control of blood pressure (BP) is limited worldwide. This has serious consequences for public health because in hypertensive patients, uncontrolled BP is associated with a higher incidence of cardiovascular events, particularly stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate BP control in a cohort of treated patients with diagnosed hypertension, who were under general practitioner care in Italy.MethodsData were collected by 2,643 physicians on 8,572 individual Italian patients. Office BP was measured 5 min after seating each patient and then 3-5 min later. For each patient, data such as medical history of patients, physical examination data, antihypertensive drug usage, and self-BP measurement frequency were obtained.ResultsMale prevalence was 48.4%, and mean age was 64.3 ± 10.5 years. Based on the second measurement, BP control (<140/90 mm Hg) was observed in 33.5% of all patients (34.2% in men and 33.4% in women). BP control was much lower for systolic BP than for diastolic BP (35.9 vs. 61.3%, P < 0.0001); moreover, BP control was much more common in patients who were engaged in self-BP measurement (61.2 vs. 38.8%, P < 0.0001). A stricter BP control recommended by the guidelines of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) (<130/80 mm Hg) was observed in only 5.5% of diabetic patients.ConclusionsIn treated Italian hypertensives effective BP control remains uncommon largely due to the failure to appropriately reduce the systolic BP. The stricter values recommended by the ESH/ESC guidelines for diabetic patients are achieved only by a small fraction of hypertensive diabetic population.American Journal of Hypertension 2012; doi:10.1038/ajh.2012.108.
Authors:
Cristina Giannattasio; Matteo Cairo; Francesca Cesana; Marta Alloni; Paola Sormani; Giulia Colombo; Guido Grassi; Giuseppe Mancia
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1941-7225     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803676     Medline TA:  Am J Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Clinica Medica, Milano-Bicocca University, Milan, Italy.
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