Document Detail


Blockade of alpha 1A-adrenoceptor: a novel possible strategy for male contraception.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19427736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Worldwide almost one quarter of all couples practicing contraception rely on male methods. However, currently available options for male contraception are limited. Thus, it is urgent to develop safe, effective, and reversible male contraceptives. To date, alpha(1)-blockers are the most widely used agents for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Several studies reveal that in elderly patients the alpha(1A)-selective antagonist tamsulosin can induce a notably high incidence of ejaculation dysfunction characterized by low ejaculate volume. Recent clinical trials suggest that tamsulosin may effectively inhibit sperm ejaculation in young volunteers. Since alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor subtype plays a dominant role in mediating the contractions of accessory sex organs contributing to ejaculation, we hypothesize that blockade of alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor may suppress the motility of these organs, thereby inhibiting sperm transport and achieving contraception, and the alpha(1A)-selective antagonists can act as a male contraceptive. If our hypotheses can be further supported with clinical trials it will shift the paradigm for male-based contraception and provide a wider range of choice for all.
Authors:
Yong Chen; Hong Li; Qiang Dong; Kun-Jie Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-05-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical hypotheses     Volume:  73     ISSN:  1532-2777     ISO Abbreviation:  Med. Hypotheses     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-27     Completed Date:  2009-08-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505668     Medline TA:  Med Hypotheses     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  140-1     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, PR China. tankcy@163.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists / pharmacology*
Animals
Contraception*
Humans
Male
Mice
Mice, Knockout
Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1 / antagonists & inhibitors*,  genetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists; 0/Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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