Document Detail


Blindsight in monkeys.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7816139     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Blindsight, the visually evoked voluntary responses of patients with striate cortical destruction that are demonstrated despite a phenomenal blindness, has attracted attention from neuroscientists and philosophers interested in problems of perceptual consciousness and its neuronal basis. It is assumed to be mediated by the numerous extra-geniculostriate cortical retinofugal pathways whose properties are studied primarily in monkeys. Like patients with blindsight, monkeys with lesions of the primary visual cortex can learn to detect, localize and distinguish between visual stimuli presented within their visual field defects. Although the patients deny seeing the stimuli they can nevertheless respond to (by forced-choice guessing) in their phenomenally blind fields, it is not known whether the monkeys experience the same absence of phenomenal vision. To determine whether they too have blindsight, or whether they actually see the stimuli in their field defects, monkeys who showed excellent detection in tasks where a visual stimulus was presented on every trial, albeit at different positions, were tested in a signal-detection task in which half the trials were blank trials, with no visual stimulus. They classified the visual stimuli presented in the field defect as blank trials, demonstrating, like patients, blindsight rather than degraded real vision.
Authors:
A Cowey; P Stoerig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature     Volume:  373     ISSN:  0028-0836     ISO Abbreviation:  Nature     Publication Date:  1995 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-02-09     Completed Date:  1995-02-09     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410462     Medline TA:  Nature     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  247-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blindness*
Corpus Callosum / physiology,  surgery
Female
Macaca mulatta
Male
Photic Stimulation
Vision, Ocular / physiology*
Visual Cortex / physiology*,  surgery
Visual Fields / physiology
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Nature. 1995 Jan 19;373(6511):195   [PMID:  7816127 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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