Document Detail

Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16344437     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence, history, symptoms, clinical signs, and treatment outcomes of blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in a pediatric population at a tertiary cornea practice. METHODS: In a retrospective case series, we reviewed the medical records of all new pediatric patients from January 1, 1997, through December 31, 2002, noting the reason for referral and subsequent diagnosis. We further noted the history, clinical characteristics, and treatment outcomes of the patients with blepharokeratoconjunctivitis. RESULTS: Review of 195 medical records revealed that blepharokeratoconjunctivitis was the most common single diagnosis at consultation, accounting for 15% of referrals. Of the 29 cases identified, there were 16 girls (55%) and 13 boys (45%). The mean age at consultation was 6(1/2) years (age range, 2-12 years). On initial ophthalmologic examination, 11 (38%) of 29 patients were taking full-strength steroids and 4 patients (14%) were taking oral erythromycin. Oral therapy, in the form of erythromycin (n = 21) and doxycycline (n = 1), was prescribed to most patients (22/29 [76%]). Therapy with topical steroids was tapered at the initial visit in all patients. Follow-up was available for 15 of 29 patients, with a mean follow-up of 5.4 months (range, 2-25 months). The condition of all patients showed clinical improvement. Recurrences were noted in 6 (40%) or 15 patients; all were successfully managed with low-potency steroid therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis is a common reason for cornea referral in children. Oral erythromycin therapy is an effective treatment with a steroid-sparing effect. Recurrences are common and may be successfully managed with low-potency steroid therapy.
Kristin M Hammersmith; Elisabeth J Cohen; Timothy D Blake; Peter R Laibson; Christopher J Rapuano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of ophthalmology     Volume:  123     ISSN:  0003-9950     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-12-13     Completed Date:  2006-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7706534     Medline TA:  Arch Ophthalmol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1667-70     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cornea Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pa 19107, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Oral
Age of Onset
Blepharitis* / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  epidemiology
Child, Preschool
Doxycycline / therapeutic use
Drug Therapy, Combination
Erythromycin / therapeutic use
Glucocorticoids / therapeutic use
Keratoconjunctivitis* / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  epidemiology
Philadelphia / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Glucocorticoids; 114-07-8/Erythromycin; 564-25-0/Doxycycline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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