Document Detail

Bjork-Shiley convexo-concave valve: is a prophylactic re-replacement justified?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10412918     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The Bjork-Shiley convexo-concave (BS-CC) heart valves represent the improved model of the standard valve first introduced with a different design of the disc valve to ameliorate hemodynamic performances and reduce thromboembolic complications. About 86,000 BS-CC were implanted during 1979-1986 and of them a small number developed an intrinsic dysfunction resulting in sudden death. METHODS: From 1979 to 1986 we implanted in 117 patients (48 males, 69 females, mean age 46.35+/-12.47, range 8-65 years) 125 BS-CC. In 38.5% (45/117) of the cases heart valve replacement represented the second cardiac procedure after a previous closed heart digital commissurotomy. The mean size of the implanted prosthesis was 25.6+/-2.8 for aortic valve and 29.5+/-1.2 for mitral valve. RESULTS: Hospital mortality was 4.27% (5/117) and survival rate at 10 years is 71.4% and at 17 years 54.7% (Kaplan-Meier). At follow-up causes of death proved valve related in most of the patients but with no evidence of valve fracture. We had 1 case of sudden death in patients at high risk (largest size, aortic position) and 30 cases of death by unknown causes but they did not have an autopsy to confirm the cause of death. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that in our population with BS-CC at the moment there is no indication for prophylactic replacement because of the higher risks of a reoperation (third or fourth in the 35.4% of our patients) than a strut fracture. Nevertheless we believe an autopsy mandatory in all these patients at risk, when sudden death occurs.
G M Actis Dato; P Centofanti; A Actis Dato; E Aidala; G Punta; G Poletti; M Di Summa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0021-9509     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-26     Completed Date:  1999-07-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066127     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino)     Country:  ITALY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  343-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Turin, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology
Heart Valve Prosthesis / statistics & numerical data*
Hospital Mortality
Middle Aged
Prosthesis Design / statistics & numerical data*
Prosthesis Failure
Survival Rate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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