Document Detail

Biting pattern and host-seeking behavior of Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in northeastern South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8057306     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Biting rhythm as well as vertical and horizontal distribution of host-seeking Anopheles arabiensis Patton was studied at a remote warm-water spring in the Kruger National Park, South Africa, which usually is devoid of human presence. An. arabiensis seeking hosts were collected throughout the night with several peaks, often with greatest biting activity during the predawn period. Abundance did not decline linearly as a function of distance from the breeding area, but was related to vegetation patterns. Most bites occurred on the ankles or feet and decreased rapidly above that height. Wearing closed shoes or raising feet off the ground could reduce vector contact and therefore the risk of malaria infection.
L E Braack; M Coetzee; R H Hunt; H Biggs; A Cornel; A Gericke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical entomology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  0022-2585     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Med. Entomol.     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-09-12     Completed Date:  1994-09-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375400     Medline TA:  J Med Entomol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Scientific Services, Kruger National Park, Skukuza, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Anopheles / parasitology,  physiology*
Behavior, Animal
Circadian Rhythm
Flight, Animal
Insect Bites and Stings*
Insect Vectors / parasitology,  physiology
Malaria / prevention & control,  transmission
South Africa

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