Document Detail


Birthweight-specific infant mortality risks for Native Americans and whites, United States, 1960 and 1984.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7481922     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We used NCHS natality and linked-birth/death certificate tapes to compare birthweight-specific neonatal and postneonatal mortality risks for Native Americans and whites in 1960 and in 1984. The birthweight distributions for the two groups were similar both years. Native American neonatal mortality risk dropped from 20.2 in 1960 to 5.2 in 1984, and the relative risk for Native Americans with respect to whites fell from 1.31 in 1960 to a nonsignificant difference in 1984. Postneonatal mortality risks for Native Americans fell from 27.5 in 1960 to 6.2 in 1984, with a drop in the relative risk from 5.2 to 2.1. Although the relative improvements for Native Americans were highest in postneonatal survival, Native Americans still had over twice the level of white postneonatal mortality. Birthweight was positively associated with survival for both groups, but the odds of Native American neonatal death were affected less by low and very low birthweights. For both groups, improvements in neonatal mortality were highest at the lower birthweights, while the gains in postneonatal survival benefitted normal and high birthweight infants most.
Authors:
M J VanLandingham; C J Hogue
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social biology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0037-766X     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Biol     Publication Date:    1995 Spring-Summer
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-12-01     Completed Date:  1995-12-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0205621     Medline TA:  Soc Biol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  83-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Birth Weight*
Cause of Death
Cohort Studies
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Indians, North American / statistics & numerical data*
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Male
Risk
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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