Document Detail


Birth weight, dystocia and calf mortality in some New Zealand beef breeding herds.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3957815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Calf mortality data were summarized from four experiments, including a total of 15,694 birth records over 39 herd-years. Two experiments at Waikite and Waikeria were long-term, straightbred Angus and Hereford selection trials and the other two, at Goudies and Tokanui stations, were comparisons of 11 sire breeds mated to Angus and Herefore cows. The objective of the analyses was to study the relationship between birth weight (BW) and calf mortality for both calf sexes and for different dam age or parity groups. Overall calf death rates from birth to weaning were greater (P less than .01) from 2-yr-old than from older dams at Waikite (13.4 vs 5.3%) and Waikeria (14.7 vs 5.2%). Sex differences in death rate within 2 d of birth were small for calves from older dams. Death rate of males vs females from 2-yr-old dams were 9.1 vs 3.2% (Waikite) and 17.7 vs 10.5% (Waikeria). Mature Angus dams at Goudies had 3.7% calf deaths at birth (4.9 vs 2.4% for males vs females), a further 1.8% calf deaths to weaning and 4.6% assisted births. The BW of calves at Waikite from Angus 2-yr-old vs older dams averaged, respectively, 6.8 and 6.5% of their dam's precalving live weights. Corresponding figures for Waikeria Angus were 7.8 and 6.6% and for Waikite Herefords, 7.3 and 6.9%. Quadratic regressions revealed that, on a whole-herd basis, a small increase in BW would have no effect on total mortality at Waikeria and would decrease total mortality at Waikite; regression lines were different in shape and minimum value for calves from the two dam age groups. Quadratic models also provided an adequate fit to data from Goudies and Tokanui. There was no particular threshold BW.
Authors:
C A Morris; G L Bennett; R L Baker; A H Carter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  1986 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-05-02     Completed Date:  1986-05-02     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  327-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Body Weight
Cattle
Cattle Diseases / epidemiology*
Dystocia / epidemiology,  veterinary*
Female
Male
Meat
Mortality
New Zealand
Pregnancy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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