Document Detail


Birth weight and adult health in historical perspective: evidence from a New Zealand cohort, 1907-1922.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24607677     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We provide new historical evidence on the developmental origins of health and disease in a cohort of boys born between 1907 and 1922 in Wellington, New Zealand. Using a dataset of 1523 birth records that include birth weight and length we find 852 (58%) of the adult cohort in World War II records measuring stature, body mass and blood pressure. On average, the boys weighed 3.5 kg at birth, similar to Australian and American babies of the era, and nearly identical to full-term New Zealand babies in the 1990s. Using OLS regression models we estimate the effect of birth weight on adult stature and systolic blood pressure. We find an increase in birth weight of 1 kg is associated with an increase in stature of 2.6 cm (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.6 cm-3.6 cm), and a decrease in systolic blood pressure of 2.1 mm/Hg (95% CI - 5.00 to 0.67). This is the earliest cohort by fifty years for whom the fetal origins hypothesis has been examined in early adulthood. Our estimates of the effect of birth weight on blood pressure are towards the upper end of the range of published estimates in modern cohorts.
Authors:
Evan Roberts; Pamela Wood
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2014-02-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Social science & medicine (1982)     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1873-5347     ISO Abbreviation:  Soc Sci Med     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-03-31     Completed Date:  2014-09-08     Revised Date:  2014-10-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303205     Medline TA:  Soc Sci Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  154-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Birth Weight*
Blood Pressure*
Body Height*
Cohort Studies
History, 20th Century
Humans
Male
New Zealand
Regression Analysis
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
5R24HD041023/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R24 HD041023/HD/NICHD NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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