Document Detail

Birth defects and psychosocial adjustment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3976606     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A one-year prospective study was conducted to examine the extent to which type of disability, severity, and family functioning serve to predict maladjustment. One hundred forty children, aged 4 to 13 years, born with cardiovascular disorders, cleft lip or palate, or hearing defects were assessed using the Child Behavior Checklist at two points in time. The results suggest that the type of disorder and severity are associated with remaining or becoming maladjusted. Deaf girls and boys with cardiac problems were most likely to be affected, followed by boys with clefts and boys with hearing problems. A direct relationship is found with severity assessed by the Functional Status Measure. Family functioning, however, is not significantly related to maladjustment. These findings provide a framework for better understanding factors contributing to the increased risk of maladjustment for some children with birth defects.
A Heller; S Rafman; I Zvagulis; I B Pless
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of diseases of children (1960)     Volume:  139     ISSN:  0002-922X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1985 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-04-08     Completed Date:  1985-04-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370471     Medline TA:  Am J Dis Child     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  257-63     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Child Behavior Disorders / psychology*
Child, Preschool
Cleft Lip / psychology
Cleft Palate / psychology
Congenital Abnormalities / psychology*
Deafness / congenital,  psychology
Heart Defects, Congenital / psychology
Interview, Psychological
Prospective Studies
Psychological Tests
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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