Document Detail


Birth control: some experiences from Denmark.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9220227     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This article discusses that an effective birth control exists in Denmark today. Birth control is considered as a means for the couple not only to reach the wished-for family size by limiting their number of children but also to decide when to have children. Since 1973, women in Denmark can have an induced abortion on request before the end of the 12th week of pregnancy. An increasing proportion of women applying for induced abortion have no children, indicating that induced abortion is a means to obtain an effective postponement of first birth. The paper concludes that birth control is primarily accomplished by use of contraceptives and as an effect of widespread use, teenagers have managed to diminish their total rate of pregnancy rather dramatically.
A review of vital statistics, population-based register data, and contraceptive sales statistics indicates that the conditions for effective birth control (defined as a means for a couple both to achieve their desired family size and to determine the timing of childbearing) exist in Denmark. Achievement of effective birth control requires open societal discussion of sexuality and pregnancy prevention, easy access to contraceptives, and the availability of legal abortion for cases of contraceptive failure, all of which exist in Denmark. Fertility trend data reveal a trend toward later onset of childbearing (i.e., the average age at birth of first child increased from 23 years in 1973 to 27.3 years in 1994) and smaller family size. In the early 1990s, an estimated two-thirds of fertile Danish women were protected against pregnancy; nearly 8% were sterilized. Oral contraceptives and condoms are the most widely used contraceptive methods. The proportion of nulliparous abortion seekers has steadily increased, indicating this method is used as a means to postpone first birth. Notable, since the mid-1960s, has been a strong decrease in the birth rate among teenagers, without a corresponding increase in their abortion rate.
Authors:
H Wielandt; L B Knudsen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contraception     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0010-7824     ISO Abbreviation:  Contraception     Publication Date:  1997 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-09-05     Completed Date:  1997-09-05     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0234361     Medline TA:  Contraception     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  301-6     Citation Subset:  IM; J    
Affiliation:
Odense University Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Induced
Adolescent
Adult
Contraception*
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Denmark
Family Planning Services
Female
Humans
Pregnancy
Sterilization, Tubal
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptive Agents, Female

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