Document Detail


Birth of the Kaapvaal tectosphere 3.08 billion years ago.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11161196     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The crustal remnants of Earth's Archean continents have been shielded from mantle convection by thick roots of ancient mantle lithosphere. The precise time of crust-root coupling (tectosphere birth) is poorly known but is needed to test competing theories of continental plate genesis. Our mapping and geochronology of an impact-generated section through the Mesoarchean crust of the Kaapvaal craton indicates tectosphere birth at 3.08 +/- 0.01 billion years ago, roughly 0.12 billion years after crust assembly. Growth of the southern African mantle root by subduction processes occurred within about 0.2 billion years. The assembly of crust before mantle may be common to the tectosphere.
Authors:
D E Moser; R M Flowers; R J Hart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Science (New York, N.Y.)     Volume:  291     ISSN:  0036-8075     ISO Abbreviation:  Science     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2007-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404511     Medline TA:  Science     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  465-8     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Geology and Geophysics Department, University of Utah, 135S 1460E, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-0111, USA. demoser@mines.utah.edu
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