Document Detail


Biphasic protective effect of oxytocin on cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury in anaesthetized rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19761809     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oxytocin (OT) is well known for its role in reproduction. However, evidence has emerged suggesting a role in cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effect of oxytocin on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in an in vivo rat. Myocardial ischemia, was surgically induced by means of left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion for 25 min followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Infarct size was evaluated using the staining agent 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride. Creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in plasma were analyzed to assess the degree of cardiac injury. Intraperitoneal administration of OT 0.001, 0.01 and 0.1 microg significantly reduced infarct size, LDH and CK-MB levels as compared to control (I/R) group and it had a biphasic effect on the reduction of ischemia/reperfusion injury. This biphasic effect was revealed as a U-shaped curve in which efficacy was optimal between very low and very high doses. Furthermore there were no significant differences in mean arterial pressure or heart rate between the OT treatment groups and control group during I/R. Blockade of specific OT receptors by atosiban (10(-6)M) abolished or attenuated the effect of OT preconditioning. The result of this study shows that OT possess a dose-dependent cardioprotective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury and so study of OT preconditioning may provide a new target site for therapeutic exploitation.
Authors:
Fariba Houshmand; Mahdieh Faghihi; Saleh Zahediasl
Related Documents :
8709979 - Postischemic injury in isolated rat hearts is not aggravated by prior depletion of myoc...
11192309 - Oxygen free radical generation in healthy blood donors and cardiac patients: the protec...
23456569 - Beneficial cardiac effects of caloric restriction are lost with age in a murine model o...
2848639 - Acute reoxygenation injury in the isolated rat heart: role of resident cardiac mast cells.
9774199 - Myocardial protection during ischemia and reperfusion.
9059989 - Glutathione metabolism in non-ischemic and postischemic rat hearts in response to an ex...
8709979 - Postischemic injury in isolated rat hearts is not aggravated by prior depletion of myoc...
10986529 - Acute myocardial infarction with angiographically normal coronary arteries.
15646409 - Comparison of myocardial gated single photon emission computerised tomography, planar r...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-09-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Peptides     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1873-5169     ISO Abbreviation:  Peptides     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-25     Completed Date:  2010-02-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008690     Medline TA:  Peptides     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2301-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cardiotonic Agents / pharmacology*
Creatine Kinase, MB Form / blood
Heart / drug effects*
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
Male
Myocardial Reperfusion Injury / prevention & control*
Oxytocin / pharmacology*
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cardiotonic Agents; 50-56-6/Oxytocin; EC 1.1.1.27/L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.3.2/Creatine Kinase, MB Form

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Bioactivity of analogs of the N-terminal region of gastrin-17.
Next Document:  Reactivation of tabun-hAChE investigated by structurally analogous oximes and mutagenesis.