Document Detail


Bipedalism and parturition: an evolutionary imperative for cesarean delivery?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18952015     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Human biologic evolution involves a compromise between the physical adaptations for bipedalism with effects on birthing success and the much later increases in encephalization of our species. Much of what comes to define life history parameters like gestation length, and brain and birth weight in our species is best understood from this evolutionary perspective. Human populations have been dealing with the obstetric dilemma for many hundreds of thousands of years and modern biomedicine, using techniques like cesarean sections, has alleviated, but not eliminated, birthing as a "scar" of human evolution. If women begin to demand access to universal cesarean delivery, what will the outcome be for the future of human evolution? We can only speculate on the social, biologic, and demographic costs of this transition.
Authors:
Stuart Weiner; Janet Monge; Alan Mann
Related Documents :
3651185 - Neonatal status in relation to incision intervals, obstetric factors, and anesthesia at...
18676545 - Impact of cesarean section on neonatal mortality rates among very preterm infants in th...
15576265 - Difficult delivery of the impacted fetal head during cesarean section: intraoperative d...
10725495 - Lack of progress in labor as a reason for cesarean.
17681025 - Cord serum visfatin at term birth: maternal smoking unmasks the relation to foetal growth.
3057115 - Anopheles culicifacies: siblings species composition and its relationship to malaria in...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics in perinatology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0095-5108     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Perinatol     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-27     Completed Date:  2008-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501306     Medline TA:  Clin Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  469-78, ix     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Imaging and Genetics, Maternal Fetal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University and Hospital, 834 Chestnut Street, Suite 400, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. sweinermd@comcast.net
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Anthropology, Physical
Cephalopelvic Disproportion
Cesarean Section*
Evolution*
Female
Fetus / anatomy & histology
Humans
Parturition / physiology*
Pelvis / anatomy & histology*
Pregnancy
Skull / anatomy & histology
Walking

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Mutation of H63 and its catalytic affect on the methionine aminopeptidase from Escherichia coli.
Next Document:  Cesarean delivery for abnormal labor.