Document Detail

Bioremediation of organophosphorus pesticides by surface-expressed carboxylesterase from mosquito on Escherichia coli.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15458345     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The insecticide resistance-associated esterase, carboxylesterase B1 (CaE B1), from mosquito was used to degrade the organophosphorus compounds. To eradicate the need for enzyme purification and minimize the resistance to mass transport of the substrate and product across the cell membranes, the CaE B1 was displayed on the cell surface of Escherichia coli fused to the C-terminus of the ice nucleation protein (INP). The presence of CaE B1 on the bacterial cell surface was verified by SDS-PAGE, Western blotting analysis, and immunofluorescence microscopy. More than 50% of active CaE B1 is exported across the membrane and anchored onto the cell surface as determined by proteinase accessibility and cell fractionation experiments. In contrast, only a 6% drop in activity for proteinase K-treated cells was detected from E.coli cells containing pET-B1. From the degradation experiment, more than 80% of the malathion was degraded by whole cells containing plasmid pUC-NC-B1. Constitutive expression of CaE B1 on the surface using INPNC resulted in no cell lysis, and the suspended cultures also exhibited good stability. Because of their high biodegradation activity and superior stability, these "live biocatalysts" are promising for detoxification of organophosphorus pesticides.
Jianliang Zhang; Wensheng Lan; Chuanling Qiao; Hong Jiang; Ashok Mulchandani; Wilfred Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology progress     Volume:  20     ISSN:  8756-7938     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Prog.     Publication Date:    2004 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-01     Completed Date:  2005-05-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506292     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Prog     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1567-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects & Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China.
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MeSH Terms
Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Biodegradation, Environmental
Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / biosynthesis*,  chemistry*,  genetics
Cloning, Molecular / methods
Culicidae / enzymology*,  genetics
Enzyme Activation
Enzyme Stability
Escherichia coli / genetics,  metabolism*
Insecticides / metabolism
Malathion / metabolism*
Membrane Proteins / chemistry,  metabolism
Organophosphorus Compounds / metabolism
Protein Engineering / methods*
Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis,  chemistry
Soil Pollutants / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins; 0/Insecticides; 0/Membrane Proteins; 0/Organophosphorus Compounds; 0/Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0/Soil Pollutants; 0/ice nucleation protein; 121-75-5/Malathion; EC 3.1.1.-/Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases; EC 3.1.1.-/carboxylesterase B1

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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