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Biomolecular mechanisms of staphylococcal biofilm formation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23534362     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The multitude of biomolecular and regulatory factors involved in staphylococcal adhesion and biofilm formation owe much to their ability to colonize surfaces, allowing the biofilm form to become the preferential bacterial phenotype. Judging by total number, biomass and variety of environments colonized, bacteria can be categorized as the most successful lifeform on earth. This is due to the ability of bacteria and other microorganisms to respond phenotypically via biomolecular processes to the stresses of their surrounding environment. This review focuses on the specific pathways involved in the adhesion of the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus with reference to the role of specific cell surface adhesins, the ica operon, accumulation-associated proteins and quorum-sensing systems and their significance in medical device-related infection.
Authors:
Garry Laverty; Sean P Gorman; Brendan F Gilmore
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Future microbiology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1746-0921     ISO Abbreviation:  Future Microbiol     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101278120     Medline TA:  Future Microbiol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  509-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Queen's University Belfast, School of Biological Sciences, Biology Centre, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast BT9 7BL, UK.
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