Document Detail


Biomechanics of wheelchair propulsion by able-bodied subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8185446     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The mechanical parameters of wheelchair propulsion were measured using 10 able-bodied participants. A roller system connected to a Cybex Isokinetic Machine was designed for measurement of the torque and angular displacement of the wheels during propulsion. The peak torque, angular displacement, work, and angular impulse were measured and calculated. Three types of wheelchairs, one from each of the following categories based on popularity, were evaluated: (1) lightweight, collapsible, nonadjustable Everest and Jennings Premier II (EJ); (2) lightweight, collapsible, adjustable Quickie II (Q2); and (3) lightweight, rigid-framed, adjustable Quickie GPV (Q1). Significant differences were found in certain mechanical parameters with propulsion of the three different types of wheelchairs. The work performed by each single stroke and the angular impulses are higher for the Q2 and Q1 than those of the EJ. These findings support the concept that wheelchair design and dimensions relative to the anthropometry of the user have great influence on the characteristics of wheelchair propulsion.
Authors:
D L Ruggles; T Cahalan; K N An
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation     Volume:  75     ISSN:  0003-9993     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Publication Date:  1994 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-06-16     Completed Date:  1994-06-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985158R     Medline TA:  Arch Phys Med Rehabil     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  540-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic/Mayo Foundation, Rochester, MN 55905.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Arm / physiology*
Biomechanics
Equipment Design
Humans
Male
Muscle Contraction
Wheelchairs*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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