Document Detail


Biomechanics for inclusive urban design: Effects of tactile paving on older adults' gait when crossing the street.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21481876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In light of our ageing population it is important that the urban environment is easily accessible and hence supports older adults' independence. Tactile 'blister' paving was originally designed to provide guidance for visually impaired people at pedestrian crossings. However, as research links irregular surfaces to falls in older adults, such paving may have an adverse effect on older people. We investigated the effects of tactile paving on older adults' gait in a scenario closely resembling crossing the street. Gait analysis of 32 healthy older adults showed that tactile, as compared to smooth, paving increases the variability in timing of foot placement by 20%, thereby indicating a disturbance of the rhythmic gait pattern. Moreover, toe clearance during the swing phase increased by 7% on tactile paving, and the ability to stop upon cue from the traffic light was compromised. These results need to be viewed under the consideration of limitations associated with laboratory studies and real world analysis is needed to fully understand their implications for urban design.
Authors:
S B Thies; L P J Kenney; D Howard; C Nester; M Ormerod; R Newton; R Baker; M Faruk; H Maclennan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2380     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Centre for Health, Sport and Rehabilitation Sciences Research, Salford University, Greater Manchester M6 6PU, UK.
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