Document Detail


Biomechanics of bipolar hip endoprostheses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6527161     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The bipolar endoprosthesis was designed to alleviate problems encountered with conventional hip endoprostheses. Recent designs have advocated the use of offset centers of rotation between the inner and outer joint-bearing surfaces to generate a valgus-producing moment on loading (antivarus head dynamics). This study was undertaken to justify this biomechanical feature by performing (a) cyclic loading of the bipolar head in the varus position, (b) analysis of motion between the inner and outer bearing surfaces, and (c) evaluation of antivarus head dynamic function. Four endoprosthetic designs were studied: the Bateman UPF, Osteonics UHR, Giliberty II, and Bi-Centric. Significant plastic deformation occurred in the UPF and UHR prostheses when loaded in an extreme varus position. Theoretically, motion is most likely to occur at the inner bearing if the frictional coefficients are equal at both surfaces. The UHR prosthesis with eccentric offset of bearing centers can provide the antivarus effect in laboratory conditions. Whether the antivarus effect and/or the dominant inner bearing motion will occur in vivo awaits careful clinical study.
Authors:
S W Krein; E Y Chao
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0736-0266     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Orthop. Res.     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-04-03     Completed Date:  1985-04-03     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404726     Medline TA:  J Orthop Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  356-68     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biomechanics
Equipment Design
Equipment Failure
Hip Prosthesis*
Mathematics
Motion
Stress, Mechanical*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
CA 23751/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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