Document Detail

Biomechanical responses of the back of riding horses to water treadmill exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24360735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
There is a lack of evidence for the presumed beneficial effects of water treadmills on the movement of the horse's back. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of water treadmill exercise on axial rotation (AR), lateral bending (LB) and pelvic flexion (PF) in horses. The back kinematics of a group of riding horses were studied at the walk in a water treadmill at different depths of water (hoof, fetlock, carpus, elbow and shoulder joint levels) over a period of 10days. Skin markers were placed at anatomical locations on the back. AR, LB and PF were measured on days 1 and 10 using two high-speed video cameras. There was a significant increase in AR compared to baseline at the level of the carpus and at higher water levels, whereas LB was significantly lower than baseline values at water levels that reached the elbow and shoulder joints. PF was significantly higher than baseline values at each water depth other than hoof water depth. At increasing water depths, there were significant increases in flexion and rotation of the back. At the highest water levels, there was reduced bending of the back. After 10days, horses exhibited more bending of the back.
M J W Mooij; W Jans; G J L den Heijer; M de Pater; W Back
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2971     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. J.     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706281     Medline TA:  Vet J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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