Document Detail


Biomechanical analysis of a novel femoral neck locking plate for treatment of vertical shear Pauwel's type C femoral neck fractures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22019259     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the biomechanical stability of a novel prototype femoral neck locking plate (FNLP) for treatment of Pauwels type C femoral neck fractures compared with other current fixation methods. METHODS: Forty femur sawbones were divided into groups and a vertical femoral neck fracture was made. Each group was repaired with one of the following: (CS) three parallel cancellous screws; (XCS) two cancellous lag screws into the head and one transverse lag screw into the calcar; and (FNLP) a novel FNLP with two 5.7mm locking, one lag screw into the calcar and two screws into the shaft; and (AMBI) a two-hole, 135° AMBI plate with a derotation screw. All groups were tested for change in axial stiffness over 20000 cycles, and rotational stiffness was measured before and after cyclic testing. A maximum load to failure test was also conducted. Results were compared with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Fisher protected least significant difference (PLSD). RESULTS: Results for axial stiffness show that AMBI, CS, XCS and FNLP are 2779.0, 2207.2, 3029.9 and 3210.7N-mmm(-1), respectively. Rotational rigidity results are 4.5, 4.1, 17.1 and 18.7N-mmm(-1). The average cyclic displacements were 0.75, 0.88, 0.80 and 0.65mm, respectively. Destructive failure loads for AMBI, CS, XCS and FNLP were 2.3, 1.7, 1.6 and 1.9kN, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this experiment show statistically significant increases in axial stiffness for the FNLP compared with three traditional fixation methods. The FNLP demonstrates increased mechanical stiffness and combines the desirable features of current fixation methods.
Authors:
Peter J Nowotarski; Bain Ervin; Brian Weatherby; Jonathan Pettit; Ron Goulet; Brent Norris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0267     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0226040     Medline TA:  Injury     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Tennessee, College of Medicine Chattanooga, Department of Orthopaedics, 975 East Third Street, Hospital Box 287, Chattanooga, TN 37403, USA.
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