Document Detail

Biological evaluation of 3-[(18)F]fluoro-α-methyl-D-tyrosine (D-[(18)F]FAMT) as a novel amino acid tracer for positron emission tomography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23337966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: 3-[(18)F]Fluoro-α-methyl-L-tyrosine (L-[(18)F]FAMT) is a useful amino acid tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of malignant tumors. Because D-amino acids are not well distributed in non-target organs and are rapidly excreted in urine, the D-isomer of [(18)F]FAMT could allow clear PET imaging of tumors early after administration. In this study, we prepared 3-[(18)F]fluoro-α-methyl-D-tyrosine (D-[(18)F]FAMT) and evaluated its usefulness. METHODS: D-[(18)F]FAMT was synthesized according to the method for preparation of L-[(18)F]FAMT. The in vitro and in vivo stability of [(18)F]FAMT were evaluated by high-performance liquid chromatography. Cellular uptake of [(18)F]FAMT was evaluated using LS180 colon adenocarcinoma cells. Biodistribution studies were performed in LS180 tumor-bearing mice, and the tumors were imaged using a small-animal PET scanner. RESULTS: The radiolabeling yield of D-[(18)F]FAMT was approximately 10 %, similar to that of L-[(18)F]FAMT. Over 95 % of D-[(18)F]FAMT remained intact in mice until 60 min after administration. D-[(18)F]FAMT was gradually taken up by the LS180 cells. Tumor uptake of D-[(18)F]FAMT was competitively inhibited by pretreatment with α-methyl-L-tyrosine, a selective substrate for the system L-amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1), suggesting the involvement of LAT1 in tumor uptake of D-[(18)F]FAMT. In biodistribution studies, D-[(18)F]FAMT showed rapid clearance from the blood, marked accumulation and retention in the tumor, and lower accumulation in non-target organs, especially kidney and pancreas, compared to L-[(18)F]FAMT. The amount of D-[(18)F]FAMT in the tumor was also reduced, and tumor-to-blood ratio and tumor-to-muscle ratio of D-[(18)F]FAMT were similar to those of L-[(18)F]FAMT at every time point. PET imaging with D-[(18)F]FAMT did not provide a clear image of the tumor early after administration. However, D-[(18)F]FAMT provided higher tumor-to-background contrast than L-[(18)F]FAMT. CONCLUSIONS: D-[(18)F]FAMT showed rapid blood clearance, low accumulation in non-target organs, and tumor-selective imaging compared with L-[(18)F]FAMT. Thus, D-[(18)F]FAMT could potentially serve as a novel PET tracer for imaging malignant tumors.
Yasuhiro Ohshima; Hirofumi Hanaoka; Hideyuki Tominaga; Yoshikatsu Kanai; Kyoichi Kaira; Aiko Yamaguchi; Shushi Nagamori; Noboru Oriuchi; Yoshito Tsushima; Keigo Endo; Noriko S Ishioka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of nuclear medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1864-6433     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Nucl Med     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913398     Medline TA:  Ann Nucl Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Medical Radioisotope Application Group, Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 1233 Watanuki, Takasaki, Gunma, 370-1292, Japan,
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