Document Detail

Biological effects of ultrasound: development of safety guidelines. Part I: personal histories.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10996695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
After the end of World War II, advances in ultrasound (US) technology brought improved possibilities for medical applications. The first major efforts in this direction were in the use of US to treat diseases. Medical studies were accompanied by experiments with laboratory animals and other model systems to investigate basic biological questions and to obtain better understanding of mechanisms. Also, improvements were made in methods for measuring and controlling acoustical quantities such as power, intensity and pressure. When diagnostic US became widely used, the scope of biological and physical studies was expanded to include conditions for addressing relevant safety matters. In this historical review, a major part of the story is told by 21 investigators who took part in it. Each was invited to prepare a brief personal account of his/her area(s) of research, emphasizing the "early days," but including later work, showing how late and early work are related, if possible, and including anecdotal material about mentors, colleagues, etc.
W L Nyborg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article; Portraits    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in medicine & biology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0301-5629     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-11-20     Completed Date:  2000-11-30     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410553     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Med Biol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  911-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Physics Department, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA.
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MeSH Terms
History, 20th Century
Ultrasonic Therapy / history*
Ultrasonics / history*
Ultrasonography / history*

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