Document Detail


Bioleaching of ultramafic tailings by acidithiobacillus spp. for CO2 sequestration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19950896     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Bioleaching experiments using various acid-generating substances, i.e., metal sulfides and elemental sulfur, were conducted to demonstrate the accelerated dissolution of chrysotile tailings collected from an asbestos mine near Clinton Creek, Yukon, Canada. Columns, possessing an acid-generating substance colonized with Acidithiobacillus sp., produced leachates with magnesium concentrations that were an order of magnitude greater than mine site waters or control column leachates. In addition, chrysotile tailings were efficient at neutralizing acidity, which resulted in the immobilization of metals (Fe, Cu, Zn) associated with the metal sulfide mine tailings that were used to generate acid. This suggests that tailings from acid mine drainage environments may be utilized to enhance chrysotile dissolution without polluting "downstream" ecosystems. These results demonstrate that the addition of an acid-generating substance in conjunction with a microbial catalyst can significantly enhance the release of magnesium ions, which are then available for the precipitation of carbonate minerals. This process, as part of a carbon dioxide sequestration program, has implications for reducing net greenhouse gas emissions in the mining industry.
Authors:
Ian M Power; Gregory M Dipple; Gordon Southam
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-30     Completed Date:  2010-03-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  456-62     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Earth Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7, Canada. ipower@uwo.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acidithiobacillus / metabolism*
Carbon Dioxide / metabolism*
Metals / metabolism*
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals; 0/Water Pollutants, Chemical; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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