Document Detail

Biogenic amines in vacuum-packaged and carbon dioxide-controlled atmosphere-packaged fresh pork stored at -1.50 degrees C.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11271771     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Biogenic amines are formed in foods as a result of amino acid decarboxylation catalyzed by bacterial enzymes. When consumed in sufficient quantities, these compounds will cause headache, hypertension, fever, and heart failure. Technologies such as vacuum packaging and carbon dioxide-modified atmosphere packaging (CO2-MAP), when combined with low-temperature storage (-1.5 degrees C), allow fresh pork to have a storage life long enough for export to overseas markets. During low-temperature storage of pork in these packaging systems, the lactic acid bacteria (LAB), which possess the enzymes for biogenic amine formation, dominate the microflora. The objectives of this study were to determine the quantities of biogenic amines in packaged fresh pork, to monitor LAB growth, and to determine the storage life by sensory evaluation. Vacuum-packaged and CO2-MAP pork were stored at -1.5+/-0.5 degrees C for 9 and 13 weeks, respectively. Phenylethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine, and spermine concentrations were determined weekly by high-performance liquid chromatography and capillary gel electrophoresis. LAB and carnobacteria were enumerated weekly. Samples were evaluated for odor and appearance. The CO2-MAP was successful in delaying bacterial growth and the development of unacceptable off-odors compared with the vacuum packaging. The storage lives of the vacuum-packaged and CO2-MAP pork were 5 and 13 weeks, respectively. High-performance liquid chromatography was the superior method for biogenic amine quantification. Tyramine and phenylethylamine in pork of both packaging treatments approached levels considered to be potentially toxic. Given Canada's increasing role in the export of fresh meat to foreign markets, it is recommended that the formation of biogenic amines in vacuum-packaged and CO2-MAP pork be further investigated.
C A Nadon; M A Ismond; R Holley
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-10-25     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  220-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science, The University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Biogenic Amines / analysis,  biosynthesis*
Carbon Dioxide
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods
Colony Count, Microbial
Electrophoresis, Capillary / methods
Food Microbiology
Food Packaging / methods*
Lactobacillus / enzymology
Meat / analysis*,  microbiology
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biogenic Amines; 124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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