Document Detail


Biogas production with horse dung in solid-phase digestion systems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17383871     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Experiments on methanogenesis from horse dung were conducted in laboratory-scale batch reactors in order to determine the substrate performance in a solid-phase digestion process, more specifically in terms of potential energy recovery and suitable process technology. Dung from a horse stable with straw bedding was used. The temperature was kept in the mesophilic range. In the percolation process (with process water sprinkled over the stacked biomass) a proportion of 10-20% of solid inoculum (pre-digested horse dung) was found to be suitable. Comparative experiments with both percolation and flooding revealed a higher biogas production per volume for the flooded process, as no addition of solid inoculum was necessary. Methane yield from fresh material was similar in both processes: around 170 L(N) CH(4) per kg VS added was obtained in six-week cycles with untreated material under optimized conditions. Methane production was increased after chopping the substrate. Pre-aeration resulted in decreased methane production.
Authors:
Sigrid Kusch; Hans Oechsner; Thomas Jungbluth
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-03-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bioresource technology     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0960-8524     ISO Abbreviation:  Bioresour. Technol.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-12-19     Completed Date:  2008-04-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889523     Medline TA:  Bioresour Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1280-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Hohenheim, Institute for Agricultural Engineering, State Institute for Machinery and Construction in Agriculture, Garbenstrasse 9, D-70599 Stuttgart, Germany. kuschsig@uni-hohenheim.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bioelectric Energy Sources
Bioreactors*
Horses*
Manure*
Methane / metabolism*
Time Factors
Water
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Manure; 74-82-8/Methane; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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