Document Detail


Biogas Production from N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) Pretreated Forest Residues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24474331     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Lignocellulosic biomass represents a great potential for biogas production. However, a suitable pretreatment is needed to improve their digestibility. This study investigates the effects of an organic solvent, N-Methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) at temperatures of 120 and 90 °C, NMMO concentrations of 75 and 85 % and treatment times of 3 and 15 h on the methane yield. The long-term effects of the treatment were determined by a semicontinuous experiment. The best results were obtained using 75 % NMMO at 120 °C for 15 h, resulting in 141 % increase in the methane production. These conditions led to a decrease by 9 % and an increase by 8 % in the lignin and in the carbohydrate content, respectively. During the continuous digestion experiments, a specific biogas production rate of 92 NmL/gVS/day was achieved while the corresponding rate from the untreated sample was 53 NmL/gVS/day. The operation conditions were set at 4.4 gVS/L/day organic loading rate (OLR) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 20 days in both cases. NMMO pretreatment has substantially improved the digestibility of forest residues. The present study shows the possibilities of this pretreatment method; however, an economic and technical assessment of its industrial use needs to be performed in the future.
Authors:
Solmaz Aslanzadeh; Andreas Berg; Mohammad J Taherzadeh; Ilona Sárvári Horváth
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied biochemistry and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0291     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8208561     Medline TA:  Appl Biochem Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Inhibiting replication of begomoviruses using artificial zinc finger nucleases that target viral-con...
Next Document:  Comparative pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of schisandrin, deoxyschisandrin and schisandri...