Document Detail


Biodiesel: small scale production and quality requirements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19768629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biodiesel is produced by reacting vegetable oils or animal fats with alcohol in the presence of an alkaline catalyst. The resulting methyl esters, which are the biodiesel fuel, are separated from the by-product glycerin, and then washed with water and dehydrated to produce fuel that must meet standardized specifications. Degraded oils containing high levels of free fatty acids can also be converted to biodiesel, but pretreatment with acid-catalyzed esterification is required. The resulting fuel is suitable for use as a neat fuel in diesel engines or blended with conventional diesel fuel.
Authors:
Jon Van Gerpen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)     Volume:  581     ISSN:  1940-6029     ISO Abbreviation:  Methods Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-21     Completed Date:  2010-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214969     Medline TA:  Methods Mol Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Biofuels* / analysis,  supply & distribution
Biotechnology / methods*
Energy Metabolism
Esterification / physiology
Microchemistry / methods
Models, Biological
Plant Oils / chemistry,  metabolism
Quality Control
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biofuels; 0/Plant Oils

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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