Document Detail


Biochemical and molecular characterization of rice (Oryza sativa L.) roots forming a barrier to radial oxygen loss.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24506679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Formation of a barrier to radial oxygen (O2 ) loss (ROL) in the root is an important adaptation of plants to root flooding, but the biochemical changes in plant roots where the barrier is formed are unclear. In this study, we analyzed metabolic profiles and gene expression profiles in roots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants grown under stagnant deoxygenated conditions, which induce suberization in the outer cell layers of the roots and formation of barrier to ROL. Under these conditions, two distinctive biochemical features of the roots were the accumulations of malic acid and very long chain fatty acids (VLCFAs). We also showed that the expressions of some genes encoding plastid-localized enzymes, which convert malic acid to acetyl coenzyme A (AcCoA), were simultaneously up-regulated under stagnant conditions. The expression levels of these genes in specific root tissues isolated by laser microdissection suggested that malic acid is converted to AcCoA predominantly in the plastids in the outer cell layers of rice roots. We propose that the physiological role of malic acid accumulation in rice roots grown under stagnant conditions is to provide a substrate for the biosynthesis of fatty acids, which in turn are used in the biosynthesis of suberin.
Authors:
Konstantin Kulichikhin; Takaki Yamauchi; Kohtaro Watanabe; Mikio Nakazono
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant, cell & environment     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-3040     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Cell Environ.     Publication Date:  2014 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-2-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9309004     Medline TA:  Plant Cell Environ     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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