Document Detail

Biochemical and galvanic skin responses to music stimuli by college students in biology and music.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1501973     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to examine biochemical and physiological responses to musical stimuli. Specifically, university music and biology students' plasma levels of norepinephrine, endorphin, and cortisol, and their galvanic skin responses were measured before and after listening to two different musical selections in an anechoic chamber and during controlled silence. The results indicated that biochemical variables changed significantly in both groups during listening to music but were not different during the controlled silence. These data suggest that music majors may listen more analytically to music. GSR responses were significantly higher for music majors than biology majors, and plasma cortisol increased in music students but decreased in biology students. Music which elicits specific emotions induces physiological changes which may be beneficial to relaxation and behavioral therapies.
S D VanderArk; D Ely
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perceptual and motor skills     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0031-5125     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Mot Skills     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-09-14     Completed Date:  1992-09-14     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401131     Medline TA:  Percept Mot Skills     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1079-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Music, University of Akron, Ohio.
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MeSH Terms
Arousal / physiology*
Biology / education*
Emotions / physiology
Endorphins / blood
Galvanic Skin Response / physiology*
Hydrocortisone / blood
Norepinephrine / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Endorphins; 50-23-7/Hydrocortisone; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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