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Biochemical characterization of a chloroplast localized fatty acid reductase from Arabidopsis thaliana.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22166367     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Primary long-chain fatty alcohols are present in a variety of phyla. In eukaryotes, the production of fatty alcohols is catalyzed by fatty acyl-CoA reductase (FAR) enzymes that convert fatty acyl-CoAs or acyl-ACPs into fatty alcohols. Here, we report on the biochemical properties of a purified plant FAR, Arabidopsis FAR6 (AtFAR6). In vitro assays show that the enzyme preferentially uses 16 carbon acyl-chains as substrates and produces predominantly fatty alcohols. Free fatty acids and fatty aldehyde intermediates can be released from the enzyme, in particular with suboptimal chain lengths and concentrations of the substrates. Both acyl-CoA and acyl-ACP could serve as substrates. Transient expression experiments in Nicotiana tabacum showed that AtFAR6 is a chloroplast localized FAR. In addition, expression of full length AtFAR6 in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves resulted in the production of C16:0-alcohol within this organelle. Finally, a GUS reporter gene fusion with the AtFAR6 promoter showed that the AtFAR6 gene is expressed in various tissues of the plant with a distinct pattern compared to that of other Arabidopsis FARs, suggesting specialized functions in planta.
Authors:
Thuy T P Doan; Frédéric Domergue; Ashley E Fournier; Sollapura J Vishwanath; Owen Rowland; Patrick Moreau; Craig C Wood; Anders S Carlsson; Mats Hamberg; Per Hofvander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. box 101, 230 53 Alnarp, Sweden; Department of Biology, Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
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