Document Detail


Biochemical assessments of retinol, alpha-tocopherol, pyridoxal--5-phosphate oxidative stress index and total antioxidant status in adolescent professional basketball players and sedentary controls.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17593769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Physical training is known to increase the antioxidant defence system and reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress. However, intense physical aerobic and anaerobic training with competition, such as those imposed on young professional basketball players can induce an increase of oxidative stress, which can be implicated with overtraining. The aim of this study was to test the effect of training and competition load on oxidative stress, antioxidant status, and vitamin levels in basketball players. Oxidative Stres Index (OSI 1), Total Peroxide (TPx) antioxidant (vitamin E, A and The total antioxidant status (TAC 1)), biochemical lipid parameters, as well as training results were measured. Results showed that all plasma vitamin levels were significantly higher in basketball players (vitamin A: 1.61 +/- 0.05 mmol/l, vitamin E: 26.45 +/- 0.72 mmol/l, vitamin B6: 10.58 +/- 0.7 mgr/l) than sedentary controls (vitamin A: 1.22 +/- 0.04 mmol /l, vitamin E: 19.24 +/- 0.73 mmol/l, vitamin B6: 6.0 +/- 0.35 mgr/l) (p < 0.01). In addition TAC 1 was 2.06 +/- 0.02 and 1.89 +/- 0.01 mmol Trolox eq/L in basketball players and controls, respectively (p < 0.01). Conversely OSI was 0.89 +/- 0.09 arbitrary unit and 0.88 +/- 0.071 arbitrary unit in basketball players and controls, respectively (p > 0.05). However, total plasma peroxide level (TPx) of basketball players and controls was not statistically different (18.55 +/- 2.07 and 17.18 +/- 1.61 micromol H2O2/L, respectively; p > 0.05). We conclude that physical exercise increase antioxidant levels and cause balance of the homeostasis. Training can not have positive or negative effects on oxidative stress depending on training load. The results suggested that oxidative stress and antioxidant measurement are significant in the biological follow-up of young basketball players.
Authors:
Necat Yilmaz; Ozcan Erel; Muhsin Hazer; Cahit Bağci; Emine Namiduru; Ece Gül
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of adolescent medicine and health     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0334-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Publication Date:    2007 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-27     Completed Date:  2007-09-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506960     Medline TA:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biochemistry, Gaziantep University Medical School, Gaziantep, Turkey. necatyilmaz@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Antioxidants / metabolism*,  physiology
Basketball / physiology*
Case-Control Studies
Child
Competitive Behavior / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Male
Oxidation-Reduction
Oxidative Stress / physiology*
Physical Education and Training / methods*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Pyridoxal Phosphate / blood
Vitamin A / blood
Vitamins / blood*,  physiology
alpha-Tocopherol / blood
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Vitamins; 11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 54-47-7/Pyridoxal Phosphate; 59-02-9/alpha-Tocopherol

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