Document Detail


Bioavailability of Cd to the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, in the presence of humic acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11163427     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The uptake of cadmium by the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, was studied in chemically defined freshwater in the absence and presence of commercial humic acid. This was done to evaluate whether the cadmium uptake by carp in the presence of humic acid was related to the ambient Cd2+ -ion activity or whether the complexed metal also contributed to the uptake. Uptake of Cd during a 3-h period of exposure was used as a measure of the biological availability of the metal. The uptake rate data for Cd in total fish and gills obtained in the absence (control) and presence (treatment) of humic acid were analyzed using a Michaelis-Menten model for mediated transport. The Michaelis-Menten parameters KM and Vmax obtained in the control and the treatment experiment were compared for each of the two investigated carp compartments (total fish and gills). The model parameter estimates for Cd uptake by total carp in the treatment experiment (KM = 0.41 +/- 0.11 micromol l(-1); Vmax = 0.66 +/- 0.13 micromol kg(-1) h(-1)) were not significantly different from the model parameters in the control experiment (KM = 0.34+/-0.06 micromol l(-1); Vmax = 0.58+/-0.07 micromol kg(-1) h(-1)) on the basis of Welch's approximate t-test. Similarly, the Michaelis-Menten model parameter estimates for Cd uptake by carp gills in the treatment experiment (KM = 0.15 +/- 0.06 micromol l(-1); Vmax = 5.14 +/- 1.07 micromol kg(-1) h(-1)) were not significantly different from the model parameters derived from the control experiment (KM =0.27 +/- 0.09 micromol l(-1); Vmax = 7.63+/-1.38 micromol kg(-1) h(-1)). This indicated that the Cd uptake rate by total carp and in carp gills in the presence of commercial humic acid followed the measured variations in Cd2+ -ion activity as predicted by the control experiment.
Authors:
L Van Ginneken; L Bervoets; R Blust
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)     Volume:  52     ISSN:  0166-445X     ISO Abbreviation:  Aquat. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2001 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-07-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500246     Medline TA:  Aquat Toxicol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  13-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of Antwerp (RUCA), Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020, Antwerp, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cadmium / pharmacokinetics*
Carps / metabolism*
Drug Interactions
Humic Substances / pharmacology*
Kinetics
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Humic Substances; 7440-43-9/Cadmium

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