Document Detail


Bioactivity of indigenous medicinal plants against the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25373231     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Forty-one methanol extracts of 28 indigenous medicinal plant species were tested for their insecticidal bioactivity against cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), adults and second nymphal instars under controlled conditions. This study is within a bioprospection context, in the form of utilizing local plant species as an alternative in sustainable agriculture development. Eighteen and nine plant extracts caused a significant decrease in number of live adult and nymphal whiteflies, respectively, compared to the control. This is the first report for the potential effect on survival of insects for 22 out of 28 tested medicinal plant species. Whole plant extracts of Ranunculus myosuroudes Boiss. and Kotschy (Ranunculaceae),Achillea damascena L. (Asteraceae), and Anthemis hebronica Boiss. and Kotschy (Asteraceae) and leaf extracts of Verbascum leptostychum DC. (Scrophulariaceae) and Heliotropium rotundifolium Boiss. (Borangiaceae) caused both repellent and toxic effects against the adult and second nymphal instars, respectively. Extracts of leaves and stems of Anthemis scariosa Boiss. (Asteraceae) and Calendula palestina Pers. (Asteraceae) were found to be more bioactive against the adult and nymphal instars, respectively, than extracts of other plant parts, such as flowers. Thus, the bioactive extracts of these medicinal plants have the potential to lower whitefly populations in a comprehensive pest management program in local communities, pending cultivation of these medicinal plant species.
Authors:
E Abou-Fakhr Hammad; A Zeaiter; N Saliba; S Talhouk
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2014-08-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of insect science (Online)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1536-2442     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Insect Sci.     Publication Date:  2014  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101096396     Medline TA:  J Insect Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
This is an open access paper. We use the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license that permits unrestricted use, provided that the paper is properly attributed.
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