Document Detail


Bioactive compounds from cyanobacteria and microalgae: an overview.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16294828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are photosynthetic prokaryotes used as food by humans. They have also been recognized as an excellent source of vitamins and proteins and as such are found in health food stores throughout the world. They are also reported to be a source of fine chemicals, renewable fuel and bioactive compounds. This potential is being realized as data from research in the areas of the physiology and chemistry of these organisms are gathered and the knowledge of cyanobacterial genetics and genetic engineering increased. Their role as antiviral, anti-tumour, antibacterial, anti-HIV and a food additive have been well established. The production of cyanobacteria in artificial and natural environments has been fully exploited. In this review the use of cyanobacteria and microalgae, production processes and biosynthesis of pigments, colorants and certain bioactive compounds are discussed in detail. The genetic manipulation of cyanobacteria and microalgae to improve their quality are also described at length.
Authors:
Sawraj Singh; Bhushan N Kate; U C Banerjee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical reviews in biotechnology     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0738-8551     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Rev. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:    2005 Jul-Sep
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-11-18     Completed Date:  2005-12-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8505177     Medline TA:  Crit Rev Biotechnol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Punjab, India.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algae / metabolism*
Biological Factors / biosynthesis*,  chemistry
Biological Products / biosynthesis*,  chemistry
Biotechnology / methods*,  trends*
Cyanobacteria / metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Factors; 0/Biological Products

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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