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Bioaccumulation and trophic transfer of dioxins in marine copepods and fish.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21906859     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Despite the great concerns about dioxins in the marine environments, the biokinetics and bioaccumulation of these compounds in marine organisms remains little known. Using radioactive tracers the aqueous uptake, dietary assimilation efficiency, and elimination of dioxins were measured in marine phytoplankton, copepods and seabream. The calculated uptake rate constant of dioxins decreased with increasing trophic levels, whereas the dietary assimilation efficiency (AE) was 28.5-57.6% in the copepods and 36.6-70.2% in the fish. The dietary AE was highly dependent on the food concentrations and food type. The elimination rate constant of dioxin in the copepods varied with different exposure pathways as well as food concentration and food type. Biokinetic calculation showed that dietary accumulation was the predominant pathway for dioxin accumulation in marine copepods and fish. Aqueous uptake can be an important pathway only when the bioconcentration of dioxins in the phytoplankton was low.
Authors:
Qiong Zhang; Liuyan Yang; Wen-Xiong Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-6424     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804476     Medline TA:  Environ Pollut     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Life Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST), Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong; School of Environment, State Key Laboratory of Pollutant Control and Resource Reuse, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.
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