Document Detail

Bioaccumulation and toxic effects of cadmium on feeding and growth of an Indian pond snail Lymnaea luteola L. under laboratory conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20655142     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Effects of dissolved cadmium exposure on the survival, feeding, growth rates and accumulation in Indian pond snails Lymnaea luteola L. were examined for a period of 7 weeks. The concentrations of cadmium tested were 0, 10, 32, 100, 320, 560, and 1000 microg l(-1). Cadmium exposure significantly inhibited the feeding and growth rates. At higher Cd concentrations snails refused to consume food offered as plant Marsilia sp. leaves. Cadmium mainly accumulated in soft tissues in a dose-dependent manner. After 4 and 7 weeks of exposure, the no observed effect concentration (NOEC) of Cd was 10 microg l(-1) and the lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC) was 32 microg l(-1). Reduction of growth (decrease in wet weight) was noticed followed by a high mortality in higher Cd concentrations. Significant reduction in food consumption and growth rates was found at 32 microg l(-1) and above Cd concentration. A significant relationship between Cd exposure and growth and feeding rates was noticed. The results obtained with these key aquatic organisms in the food chains complement those obtained with other aquatic organisms and gastropod snails. The findings of the present study and those of earlier studies suggested that Indian pond snail L. luteola are useful test organisms for ecotoxicology bioassays.
Sangita Das; B S Khangarot
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hazardous materials     Volume:  182     ISSN:  1873-3336     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hazard. Mater.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-16     Completed Date:  2010-12-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422688     Medline TA:  J Hazard Mater     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  763-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Ecotoxicology Laboratory, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Post Box No. 80, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, Lucknow 226 001, India.
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MeSH Terms
Cadmium / toxicity*
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
Lymnaea / growth & development,  metabolism*,  physiology
Reg. No./Substance:

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